First to be accomplished is an explanation of how one may construct a fully-functioning time machine. One must begin by locating a black hole. A black hole is an object, usually the remnants of a massive star, whose gravitational field has become so great that even light is unable to escape its grasp. (Only stars with masses at least three times as great as that of Sol (Earth’s sun) will have sufficient gravitational fields to force their collapse into the state of being a black hole.)
Stars are billion-years-long balancing acts between the forces of gravity seeking to collapse the star and the heat from the internal nuclear furnace attempting to blow the star apart. Eventually, the fuel firing the furnace is exhausted and the nuclear fire will subside... thus, ending the heat’s outward pressure that previously kept the star from collapsing. The star will then collapse to an extent and at a rate that is determined by the remaining mass of the star. (This discussion is simplified by the omission of discussions of supernovae, neutron stars, etc.) For a star of sufficient mass, there is no force in the universe that is able to prevent its collapse into a black hole.
A black hole exhibits two startling characteristics: zero volume and infinite density. (There is a boundary between the black hole and the rest of the universe called the event horizon. Light cannot escape from inside the event horizon. The event horizon does have volume.) The powerful gravitational field produced by a black hole warps the very fabric of space and time. It is within the influence of this space-time warp that time travel becomes possible.
In nature, the event horizon of a black hole is always perfectly round. (This perfect roundness is a side effect of the strength of the gravitational field.) This basic shape must be altered as the first step in constructing a time machine. The event horizon must be shaped into a toroid (donut-shaped). Rotational velocity must then be induced within the toroidally-shaped event horizon; this velocity directionally must be around the circumference of the toroid, so that it spins like the wheel on an automobile. The rotational velocity must be increased to ninety-nine percent of the speed of light. These engineering feats are impossible with today’s technology. However, as Arthur C. Clarke has stated, any sufficiently advanced technology is indistinguishable from magick. Someday, time travel will be possible. Since the curve of progress seems to be exponential in nature, the author speculates that the advent of time travel will occur in the not too distant (what we now think of as) future.
In order to travel in time one must enter the ‘hole’ in the ‘donut’ and travel around the perimeter of the hole. If one travels in the direction of the black hole‘s rotation, one will travel forwards in time. If one travels opposite to the direction of the black hole’s rotation, one will travel backwards in time. This is possible because the rotating toroidal black hole rotates time dimensions into space dimensions and vice versa.
From the foregoing discussion, a startling realization should become evident: there must be an equal number of space dimensions and time dimensions. In fact, space dimensions and time dimensions are identical; it is our experience of this identical nature that differs.
Another interesting fact results from the extension of my theory of symmetry: there is an uncountable number of space-time dimensions. Incredible as it may seem, these dimensions must exist for reasons of symmetry. For the purposes of this discussion, however, we will limit the consideration to only three time dimensions. We shall name them ‘t’, ‘ ’(the Greek letter ‘tau‘) and ‘ ’ (the Cyrillic letter ’teh’). ‘t’ is the time dimension we recognize in everyday life. [A more in-depth delineation of the true multi-dimensional nature of the universe has been written in 2003. This discussion follows the original statement of theory.]
The existence of backward time travel has very interesting ramifications upon our conceptualization of the universe. If one is able to travel backwards in time, then both realities must exist in the same ‘space‘ (as we currently understand it). This means that what happens ten thousand years from now along ’t’, has already happened, is happening now, and will continue to happen into eternity. (Again, I must stress that this is by our current understanding of time.)
Now let us consider a different case: a universe separated from ours by ‘tau’ or ‘teh’. In these cases, some universes are very nearly at the same point of stellar evolution as is ours. In fact, universes separated from ours by small distances along ‘tau’ and ‘teh’ are nearly identical to our universe. Universes separated from ours by large distances along ‘tau’ and ‘teh’ are likely to be very different from our own universe. However, this is not an absolute fact as will be discussed later. There is an uncountable number of universes separated from us along each of these time axes.
At the origin of ‘t’, all universes were the same. Some universes have diverged from other universe at various points of decision, where different universes have made different decisions. In deference to Robert A. Heinlein, I shall refer to these points of decision as ’cusps’ (see R.A. Heinlein, Stranger In A Strange Land). An uncountable number of universes has made each of an uncountable number of decisions.
The conception of an uncountable number of universes seems foreign and impossible to most persons because they think of our universe as ‘infinite’ and hence believe there is no possibility of there being other universes. The key error in their way of thinking is that they conceptualize the universe as infinite (which correctly stated is ’immeasurable’) in the extent of its dimensions but not uncountable in the number of its dimensions. Since the universe as it is known today is not uncountable in its number of dimensions, terminology needs to be changed. What most persons now think of as ’universe’ should be referred to as ’celluverse’. The uncountably numerous celluverses occupy the same space but are separated from each other by varying combinations of distances along the uncountably numerous time dimensions.
The following is an extended discussion of time dimensions and the nature of the universe. Although the basic nature of the discussion was known to me at the time I wrote the foregoing, I had not developed it to the extent that I have today (November 2003). More specifically, I had not worked out the connection between my theories and the ’big bang’. I also had not yet discerned that ’infinity’ is a mathematical concept only. Although the foregoing discussion has been revised slightly in response to my latest discoveries, I have attempted to leave its essence the same. The original theory remains valid. One can liken the changes to altering slightly the proportion of different spices in a soup... while the flavor may be changed in a small degree, the basic menu item is the same as it was previously.
As mentioned in the original theory, a startling realization should become evident: there must be an equal number of space dimensions and time dimensions. In fact, space dimensions and time dimensions are identical; it is our experience of this identical nature that differs. The original discussion maintained that there are differences between space and time dimensions simply as a convention to give the reader ‘known ground’ on which to place his mental steps.
There is another point of departure from contemporary physics. There is no real thing that is infinite. Infinity is a purely mathematical concept. For all practical purposes, the extent of our universe and of the space-time dimensions that are recognized today, are infinite. The reality, however, is that all dimensions are closed loops of varying sizes. That is to say, if you travel far enough in a straight line along any dimension... you return to your point of origin. Therefore the number of dimensions is uncountable and the extent of a dimension is immeasurable. Infinity does not exist in the real universe.
Another interesting fact results from the extension of my theory of symmetry: there is a uncountable number of space-time dimensions. There is a dimension connecting every point in the universe to every other point in the universe, and there are dimensions connecting all possible subsets of points in the universe. This number of dimensions, therefore, is equal to the square of the number of points in the universe. Although most of these dimensions do not exist in the universe we experience, they do exist and can be ’opened’ given sufficient energy. The amount of energy (E) required to ‘open’ all said dimensions is equal to M*c*c, where M is the mass of the universe and c is the speed of light. Given this amount of energy, each point in the universe becomes the immediate neighbor of every other point in the universe. This was the state of the universe just previous to the instant of the ‘big bang’. As is easily recognized, this provides the scientific explanation of the ‘big bang’ that previously has been non-existent.